What Are the Most Common Types of Cancer?

The list of most common types of cancer is made of cancers that are diagnosed with highest frequency. Cancer requires specialized treatment including surgery, radio therapy, chemotherapy, and palliative care.

If you do some research on the best hospital for cancer treatment in India, you can zero into the ideal place for cancer treatment. Here is a list of types of cancers treated in these hospitals:

  • Bladder cancer:

It is an organ that stores urine before it passes out of the body. The type of bladder cancer that is most common is transitional cell carcinoma, located in the urothelial cells lining inside of the bladder. Other types include squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Most common indication of this cancer is urine in the blood. If diagnosed early, it is easy to treat.

  • Breast cancer:

Type that is most common is ductal carcinoma which emerges in the ducts of the breast. Invasive breast cancer when it has spread from ducts to surrounding tissue. Swollen, red breasts are a sign of inflammatory breast cancer. Breast cancer is mostly found in women.

  • Colorectal cancer:

It is a cancer originating in the rectum or colon. Most colorectal cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers originating in cells that create and release mucous). It begins in the form of a polyp in the inner wall of the rectum or colon. Some polyps become cancerous. Identifying and destroying polyps helps prevent this cancer. This cancer has been controlled by faecal occult blood tests (to check for blood in stool) and colonoscopies.

  • Endometrial cancer:

This is a type of uterine cancer that begins in the endometrium which is the uterus’s inner lining. Majority of endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas. This type of cancer is enhanced by genetic conditions, obesity and consuming oestrogen exclusively. Consuming tamoxifen for breast cancer can raise the risk for this type of cancer. Most common symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding.

  • Kidney cancer:

Kidneys take out the waste from blood and create urine. There are three kinds of kidney cancer: Renal cell cancer is most common type. It is found in the urine creating tissue of the kidney. Prolonged intake of pain killers and smoking can increase the risk of this cancer. There are malignant and benign tumours of the kidney.

  • Leukaemia:

It is a cancer occurring in blood cells which are formed in the bone marrow. Immature blood cells turn cancerous. They crowd out the blood cells that are healthy from the bone marrow. Types of blood cells create different kinds of leukaemia. Cancer of the lymphoblasts (white blood cells) is called lymphoblastic leukaemia. WBCs are most prone to turn into cancer. But platelets and RBC’s may turn cancerous. This type of cancer is likely to affect those aged lower than 15 and above 55.

  • Lung cancer: Most cases are caused by smoking. Two types of cancer are recognized based on how cells appear under the microscope. Non- small cell lung cancer is relatively common compared to small lung cancer.
  • Melanoma skin cancer: Most typical type of cancer affecting all parts of the body. Skin cancer starts in the epidermis made of melanocytes, squamous cells, and basal cells. The most aggressive type of skin cancer is melanoma.

These are the most typical types of cancer. The list also includes lymphoma, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer and thyroid cancer. You need to do online search for rankings of top 10 best cancer hospital in india. The right hospital and doctor can make a big difference in the treatment of cancer.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *